Action, Morality and Language

Marek Pyka

Abstract



In recent metaethics there is an interesting trend to ground moral theory within
the sphere of the reasons for action. In the paper I attempt a new analysis of
action with particular attention to the situation in which it takes place. I
argue that there are some underlying assumptions in the conceptualizations of
the situations that affect both the concepts of reasons for action and the whole
structure of ethical theories. I illustrate my thesis with the example of J.
Dancy’s moral particularism and the complex, hybrid theory of T. Nagel.

Keywords


philosophy; 20th century philosophy; Wittgenstein Ludwig; moral particularism; moral universalism; moral realism; foundation of moral theory; normative reasons for action

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